Developing City-Wide Solid Waste Reduction Concept for the City of Pekalongan

Waste management in Pekalongan are now entering a critical condition due to the limited capacity of the landfill Degayu in waste management. To overcome these problems, being compiled planning regional landfill. Pekalongan also apply other strategies, namely the reduction of municipal solid waste. Urban waste reduction strategies by developing 3R polling station in each village. Operational and management TPS 3Rs in practice is not easy, especially from the perspective of the social economy. Although the city has provided a subsidy for the operations of TPS 3R through the support equipment required and the cost operasioal but in reality the success of TPS 3R not materialized. In order to decide 3R TPS development model for subsequent replication, it is necessary to evaluate the existing kosep.

Through the support of GIZ-PAKLIM, this study aimed to develop the concept of optimization of SMT 3R through intermediary business entity in Pekalongan to reduce the volume of waste dumped in landfill. The study was conducted through a survey 3R TPS management, market analysis and business analysis for 3 months (August-October 20116).

The results showed that the management of TPS 3R Pekalongan are still not optimal from the citizens of service level indicators, the amount of garbage being managed and the amount of residue that is transported back to the landfill. TPS 3R Pekalongan currently serves only 0.91% of the total households in the city of Pekalongan. The amount of garbage at each polling station 3R managed an average of only 52 m3 / month or 10,400 kg / month by the number of residues transported to the landfill still achieve an average of 50%. Less optimal management of TPS 3R is caused by several factors, among others; physical area due to flooding, the absence of the manager, the equipment starts to break down and governance systems were minimal supervision.

Optimizing the Management of TPS 3R in Pekalongan can be done through two scenarios, namely; (1) Scenario Business as Usual (BAU) and (2) Alternative Scenario. The BAU is generally only continue to maintain TPS 3R by the City of Pekalongan with several improvements include peningkaan wages and better surveillance systems. In Alternative Scenario TPS transformation as an agent 3R Waste Bank. TPS transformation includes work patterns 3R and division of labor.

Development of business entities to support waste reduction can also be carried out through two scenarios, namely; (1) The BAU and (2) Scenario Business consists of three models (Garbage Bank, Pancacahan Plastics and Combination). BAU scenario is a scenario that has been done by the City of Pekalongan through the establishment of Municipal Solid Waste Bank through government subsidy scheme. In business scenarios conducted economic analysis on each model. Each calculation shows that each model shows the level of profitability with management targets, respectively; (1) Waste Bank: 14 tons / month, (2) Enumeration Plastics: 6 tons / month and (3) Combination: Sales trash 6 tons / month and plastic enumeration of 6 tons / month. BAU scenario has the potential to reduce waste Pekalongan up to 12,000 kg / month, while the Business scenarios can potentially absorb up to 18,000 kg / month.

Solid waste management in the city of Pekalongan developed based on a combination of optimizing the management of TPS 3R scenario and scenario development business entities. Two great scenario generated the BAU scenario (BAU scenario merger between TPS 3R optimization and development of business entities BAU scenario) and Scenario Business (TPS Transformation 3R and each business model). Based on the analysis, it is known that the City Scale Waste Management Scheme in the form of Business Transformation and TPS 3R Business Combinations Model Bank and Enumeration Plastic Waste is a management model that can give a more positive impact in the form of waste reduction, employment and economic improvement of the area.

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